Saturday, December 03, 2011

Shia and Sunni Muslim hadith differences

Most of us have no clue about how and why the Muslim Shia and Sunny communities are different.

The following give some answers.

The Sunni canon of hadith took its final form more than 230 years after the death of Muhammad (632 AD).

Later scholars may have debated the authenticity of particular hadith but the authority of the canon as a whole was not questioned.

This canon, called the six major Hadith collections, includes: Sahih al-Bukhari, Sahih Muslim, Sunan Abu Dawood, Al-Sunan al-Sughra, Sunan al-Tirmidhi and Sunan ibn Majah. Sahih al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim are considered the most reliable of these collections.

In Shia hadith you will often find sermons attributed to Ali in The Four Books or in the Nahj al-Balagha.

Shi'a Muslims do not use the six major Hadith collections followed by the Sunni, instead, their primary hadith collections are written by three authors who are known as the 'Three Muhammads'.

They are: Kitab al-Kafi by Muhammad ibn Ya'qub al-Kulayni al-Razi (329 AH), Man la yahduruhu al-Faqih by Muhammad ibn Babuya and Al-Tahdhib and Al-Istibsar both by Shaykh Muhammad Tusi.

Unlike Akhbari Twelver Shi'a, Usuli Twelver Shi'a scholars do not believe that everything in the four major books is authentic.

Sunni and Shia hadith collections differ because scholars from the two traditions differ as to the reliability of the narrators and transmitters.

Narrators who took the side of Abu Bakr and Umar rather than Ali, in the disputes over leadership that followed the death of Muhammad, are seen as unreliable by the Shia
Narrations sourced to Ali and the family of Muhammad, and to their supporters, are preferred. Sunni scholars put trust in narrators, such as Aisha, whom Shia reject.

Differences in hadith collections have contributed to differences in worship practices and shari'a law and have hardened the dividing line between the two traditions.
Compromise is as with other religious beliefs is difficult for Muslims to arrive at.

1 comment:

Asfora said...

Salaam Aleykum
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